These days once again we are talking about the reform of the Italian justice system. E’ the third or fourth attempt in the last 60 years, all failed. In my opinion, thinking about reforming the Italian justice system is a “therapeutic persistence” on a completely debilitated and already dead body called the Italian State. The causes of his illness are genetic, they are born with Italy itself. Rather, Del Boca in “Damn Savoia” he tells us that the Italian bribe was born even before Italy itself, there was for the order of the tricolor flag that the Piedmontese adopted to invade Lombardy in disguise ( the Lombards hated them ): flags of very poor quality came to cost a blunder. In short, a story entirely similar to that of “gold sheets” of the FS in the 1980s , which cost like silk but were plastic.
Until now this bandwagon of scammers,Â the Italian system in fact,Â he survived himself thanks to wars that hid scandals such as that of “National Bank” and to the exploitation of peoples' resources as thanks to the creation of a huge public debt that destroys the future of generations increasingly replaced by low-cost immigrants.
The solution for us is a return to pre-unification nation states, and subject to the consent of the peoples,united states in the European Union. On the other hand, a government in Rome no longer makes any practical sense, the new capital, because it has just been consecrated in the Constitution by the League, with the Lisbon Treaty it is now only a pass-through of the will of Brussels, that is, of the Germanic domination of the economy. In short, Rome today decides nothing except how to distribute the money within Italy, which has always hurt a lot, and otherwise it carries out the Brussels directives. In short, Rome today is only a peripheral administrator, so much so that more than abolishing the provinces it would be better to be concerned with abolishing the government of Rome, and give Brussels the money that the governments of Rome do not spend well, as seen from the garbage of Naples.
Then discussing justice in this end-of-regime scenario may seem pointless, but instead it serves precisely in the perspective of the reconstruction of pre-unitary states, operation that for the Venetian state we of the State of the Venetie – Self-government of the Venetian people we have been doing since 1999 despite various infiltrators, beatings of the carabinieri, various complaints, seasoned with ignorant detractors whose mothers all peoples have pregnant (not particularly the Venetians though).
We all have to look at the historical experiences of success in the government of justice, and among them still today the longest and most praiseworthy experience ever achieved by humanity is certainly that of the Venetian Republic, which for over half a millennium ( that is from about 1200 al 1700 )Â has known how to be the homeland of justice and freedom .
We Venetians have been this state of justice, we still were when a military power financed by international speculators and led by Napoleon came to our house threatening us, naturally affirming that however it brought us equality, freedom and brotherhood, but delivering mass rape instead, massacres, terror and mass executions, all things never seen before. It seems to see the contemporary, because these days the US military reports published by Wikileaks brings out such a perspective regarding the war in IRAQ: in reality there has never been as much terrorism and human rights violations in IRAQ as now after the US has “imported” democracy, and this is how a Current TV documentary describes it all .
in conclusion, that supreme experience of justice that was the Venetian Republic (in which even the son of Doge Foscari was forced into exile) it ended because of the terror that the French Revolution brought, which invaded and plundered us, and drove us out in an unfinished night seasoned with wars, emigrations, fiscal exploitation, injustice, violation of human and linguistic rights and total “The abolition of memory” of ourselves.
But we have already been reborn, like the thousands of people who read my blog, once again inspiring us to values that are universal and perennial, just like those of justice and freedom personified in his time by the Venetian Republic.
But let us not be so blind as to confuse the right of the people to choose their rulers (elections), with the people's right to have justice guaranteed (even against the abuses of the powerful) and concrete freedom. These are completely disconnected things, so much so that in the Venetian Republic, even in the absence of elections (if not the ratification of the election of the Doge chosen by others)The people had guaranteed both concrete justice and civil liberties as never before in the history of the world, including the freedom not to be harassed for your own opinions, now reduced to the glimmer.
In short, the parliament in the Venetian Republic (Greater Advice) it was not the expression of the people, or a vote of the people. Instead, it was the caste of nobles who had closed themselves into a regime during the 13th century (the so-called “serrata”), which, however, precisely because of this fact was forced to look after the interests of the people with the utmost commitment in order not to risk an uprising in the name of the principles of freedom . A compromise was thus reached, which I still believe the people would gladly accept as they have always endured corruption as long as the economy was running and the concrete improvement persisted. Practically, as it was fine and things worked out for everyone, there were never any revolutions, rather, cities donated themselves to the republic to obtain its services. And likewise today, given that the economy is bad, discontent grows and the government loses consensus.
The Venetian patriciate was able to skillfully manage every transaction, above all by letting the most competent manage things, and restraining individual cravings for power, the corruption, the laxity, inefficiency.
It seems impossible, yet it was the Venetian republic that was the first to create public housing, the removal of waste. to create trade unions, to establish pensions also for the injured at work, to ensure safety from floods and food shortages, to give concrete possibilities of formation to the deserving ones…. for this it became the “Hinge of Europe” For centuries, as is the title of a book 40 American professors.
But how did he accomplish all this? I can try to summarize what I have understood by reading the greatest authors of the history of the Venetian republic. In particular the Maranini, an Italian constitutionalist of the early 1900s who described with wisdom and with the support of previous authors the main mechanisms of the Venetian constitutional system.
Caution, there wasn't one “constitution” as we think today, but there were sacred principles that were codified, sorted, maintained, transcribed, and continuously repeated at government assemblies.
This is a curiosity , but it is good to know that every month a whole session of the major council was dedicated (the parliament ) to re-read the fundamental constitutional principles of the organization of power. Which in the end were very simple and derived from combining practice with determination a “to do well”.
So I try to enunciate them with incredible speed :
1)In the management of public affairs there should have been no private interest in the matter.
Anyone who had an interest in the issue had to leave the voting forum, and often with him also all his relatives and those who were linked to him by economic interests. Of course, before letting them out, they gave them the opportunity to discuss the subject, in order to make use of the experience of those who were familiar with the subject in a particular way. But they absolutely could not vote.
2) the magistrates participated directly in the political management, especially for the matters that concerned them
In addition to the Parliament, there was the judiciary of the Forty, career magistrates who, however, were elected by parliament and renewed every year. They were involved in drafting all the bills not only on justice, but also on taxation and money. Obviously, the bill was then to be discussed by the government, in which however 3 of them (i 3 leaders of the Quarantia) they sat with the power to vote and to replace absent ministers. The government approved the bill with at least 6 votes if they were 9 the presents (6 councilors + 3 leaders of the Quarantia). Once the design is approved by the government, it had to be approved by the Major Council, which was also formed by 1000 membership (therefore the problem of the large number of the Italian parliament is false, but it gains follies). Only then did the law become operational e “published”.
3) the Doge's Counselors (today called Ministers) they had to act for the good of the republic, and strictly adhere to the indications that came from the restricted parliamentary committees of a technical nature that gave them directives. They were obliged by oath to supervise the Doge so that he did not try to centralize power in their own hands, so much so that by law he was obliged to receive them at any time a councilor decided. Mail the Doge could receive heads of state or mediators without the presence of at least 2 Counselors.
4) Those who refused public office (often associated with costs and burdens rather than benefits) he was disbarred from any public function, and special fines were foreseen.
5) in the most important uses, at the end of the mandate a special survey of the work carried out was carried out, and the abuses had to be compensated, in the case also by the heirs. Al Dog, since he remained in office for life, was reserved the “trial of the dead Doge”, with which even the transmission of assets to the heirs was suspended until it was ascertained that he had not enriched himself or his relatives .
These few rules would be enough to settle the Italian republic, but apart from the fact that this is impossible because these rulers are of another species and never will, the restored republic would be bad for everyone, it would leave the Italians suffering from hardship for about 1 century due to public debt. Better for everyone a nice crack, especially for young people.
Said this, I just want to conclude with a small note about what happened last year in the self-government institutions of the Veneto People, just to say that the principles of the Venetian republic are distant even in the minds of many Venetians.
In 2009, at the change of the president of the government, I who was the highest magistrate and participated in the government since its foundation, I asked for the verification of the accounts, in which there should have been a lot of money that wasn't there. The government had in fact control of the national fund. From that moment on I received a personal attack from the former president himself, and suddenly it began to spur that I was an infiltrator, I who invented and founded self-government and exposed myself to the point of taking complaints for subversion, beatings by the Carabinieri and renounced mountains of money.
However, I quietly continued to do my job by continuing to ask for an audit. But I never received the supporting documents for the shortages. At a certain point, by chance (in my opinion instead provoked) I came to discover that the new head of the government was also using the institutions for his own profit, but to cover certain tax trades that he did with a tax haven together with the foreign minister! Then I communicated the fact to the chairman of the Assembly and asked him and other members to convene the assembly in accordance with the Statute, which was set for 29 August.
Now discovered in the games the head of the government and his ministers, a few days before the Assembly meeting they attempted a coup, declaring to invalidate my judiciary (which was not admitted by statute), and self-declaring the head of the government also as head of the Assembly (let's imagine if Berlusconi would substitute himself for Fini !) in order to prevent the Assembly itself from voting, and finally summoning a parallel one for the next day to the self-convened one. The statute clearly prohibits this accumulation of offices, and moreover, the assembly cannot be dissolved or canceled by the head of the government.
The 29 the Assembly met in July, in the face of the overwhelming evidence I brought to the attention of the members, this decided without delay to dissolve the government and to radiate all the ministers for life, while leaving them the opportunity to resort. I then resigned on the date I announced 2 months before, and the Assembly elected me head of the government.
In short, from this point of view, the self-governing institutions have unfortunately already expressed the worst that could be, neither more nor less than what the Italian state is, seasoned also with the attempted destruction of the image of honest patriots. But nevertheless the few safeguard mechanisms that we have put in the statute are inspired by the Venetian tradition, have proven to work, and they are some of the same inspirers of the Venetian Republic. However, the Venetian Republic is no longer possible as it was, international treaties today require people's elections. But nevertheless I believe that when constitutional mechanisms are written that guarantee the public interest, legality and technical competence, these also prevail in concrete government even if a demagogue comes to power. If Berlusconi had been bound by the mechanisms that bound the Doge, it could not have done that good, or nothing
The election of the people is therefore not a problem, but how can power be prevented from doing anything other than the public interest.
My little story attests that those mechanisms are still valid, but the bitterness remains in the story, mine first, that precisely in the reconstitution of the Venetian state represented by the self-government of the Veneto-State of the Veneto people, in fact, the greatest denial of the Venetian principles of the Serenissima has been realized, denied to the highest degree precisely by those who profess to be Venetian and who in reality can only be of pure modern Italian lineage.
Now time is bringing out the truth , and evidence of even more serious robberies in the first government. And the hypothesis has also arisen that it was the Italian state itself, with their own agents disguised as alleged ex-cops, has to try to take control of self-government, to reduce the Venetian people back to a puppet government like the one he created in 1866.
Whoever did it, they failed, because once again the constitutional principles of the Venetian people have won.
Returning to the problem of justice, as a last consideration, it should be noted that in the Venetian republic there was no clear separation between government, parliament, judiciary and administration or “State”. The modern constitutional theory, since the French Revolution, argues that there must be the “division of powers”. And instead anyone who is interested in public affairs knows that in fact the boundary between the Legislative, Executive and Judicial is often non-existent if not very labile. Just think of the Italian CSM, mostly made up of politicians.
Well, it is now clear that the “division of powers” modernly understood it is not a solution, on the contrary, it generates monsters such as the conflict of attribution and the war between castes. Maranini himself, who was an Italian constitutionalist, albeit at the time of the Albertine Statute, points out that the problem of the division of powers exists when you start off on the wrong foot, but such a problem did not exist and could not exist in that “wonderful plant” which was the constitution of Venice.
In this too, for us Venetians, the French Revolution was only a retreat of many centuries.